Teenage pregnancy refers to female adolescents becoming pregnant between the ages of These young females have not yet reached adulthood and the causes of teenage pregnancy vary greatly. Teenage pregnancy may be linked to things such as lack of education and information about reproduction, peer pressure and early engagement of sexual activity .
Through recent research, it has been recognized that pregnancy and childbirth have a significant impact on educational outcomes of teen parents. Children who are born to teen mothers also experience a wide range of problems. For example, they are more likely to:.
Ralitza V. Gueorguieva, Randy L. Mahan, Michael B.
Teenage pregnancy is pregnancy in a woman 19 years of age or younger. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDCinaroundbabies were born to American girls between the ages of 15 to While the number of teenage pregnancies in the United States has been in decline, it still remains higher than in other industrialized countries. Teens are at a higher risk for pregnancy-related high blood pressure preeclampsia and its complications than average age mothers.
There were nearlybabies born in to teen moms, according to the U. About 77 percent of these pregnancies were unplanned. Carrying a baby and becoming a mom not only creates physical changes.
Ina total ofbabies were born to women aged 15—19 years, for a birth rate of This is another record low for U. Although reasons for the declines are not totally clear, evidence suggests these declines are due to more teens abstaining from sexual activity, and more teens who are sexually active using birth control than in previous years.
When a carefree toddler reaches adolescence, she puts her footsteps to a completely new world. Though the usual age is years, it varies from country to country, race and geographical distributions. But, there is no doubt that her known world suddenly changes — a drastic change occurs in her physical, mental and social aspect. She becomes excited with sudden growth spurt suddenly becoming taller than her counterparts as well as emotionally unstable or frightened with menarche the first menstrual bleeding and thelarche onset of breast development.
A child whose mother had her as a teenager is set up to have a tough life. Compared with peers whose parents gave birth later, this child is at a greater risk of being born prematurelyof struggling to acquire basic skills such as literacy and self-control, and of underperforming in school. This child is also more likely to become a teen mother herself.
Teen pregnancy is an important issue for several reasons. For example, there are health risks for the baby and children born to teenage mothers are more likely to suffer health, social, and emotional problems than children born to older mothers. Also, women who become pregnant during their teens are at increased risk for medical complicationssuch as premature labor, and social consequences.